Room 425 “Spain is Different”. Tourism and apertura in 1960s Spain

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In the early 1960s, a turnaround by the dictatorship of General Franco represented decisive confirmation of the alliance signed with the United States in 1953. The re-establishment of relations between the two countries was consolidated in terms of military and economic assistance, with Spain joining international organisations such as the UN and UNESCO. This was the period of the regime’s so-called diplomatic and economic “apertura” (opening), with the most visible effect being the development of tourism as the country’s top industry.