Room 401 The Europe of Dystopia. Art After the Second World War

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At the end of World War II European conscience was staring at an abyss of uncertainty that would lead to a general dislocation in the dynamics of the avant-garde, with pre-war utopias of the time found in a state of negativity: dystopia. After its liberation from four years of German occupation and thrown into disarray from its experience of war, Paris would soon be displaced by New York as the capital of art. Yet numerous artists, writers and philosophers explored human disillusionment from the French capital, refuting all transcendence, rejecting any form of idealism and vindicating materiality and the body as a new field of artistic operations.